Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are widespread bacterial infections that can affect any component of the urinary system, including the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys. Bacteria cause the vast majority of UTIs, with Escherichia coli being the most prevalent culprit. Women are more likely to have UTIs because their urethras are shorter, making it simpler for bacteria to enter the urinary system. However, men and people of all ages can develop UTIs. Common symptoms include a frequent urge to urinate, a burning feeling while urinating, murky or strong-smelling urine, and pelvic pain. UTIs can be simple or complicated, depending on whether there are underlying health concerns or if you are pregnant. Sexual activity is a risk factor for UTIs.abnormalities, catheter use, reduced immune system, and a history of urinary tract infections. Prompt diagnosis and antibiotic treatment are required to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys and creating more serious consequences. 

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Causes and risk factors

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) can be caused by various factors, and certain risk factors increase an individual’s susceptibility to these infections.Here are some key causes and risk factors associated with UTIs:
Bacterial Invasion: The most common cause of UTIs is the introduction of bacteria into the urinary tract, often through the urethra. This can occur due to improper wiping after bowel movements or sexual activity.
Gender: Women are more prone to UTIs than men, mainly because they have a shorter urethra, allowing bacteria to reach the bladder more easily.
Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Structural issues in the urinary tract, such as kidney stones or an enlarged prostate in men, can create conditions conducive to bacterial growth.
Menopause: Postmenopausal women may experience changes in the urinary tract, such as decreased estrogen levels, which can contribute to an increased risk of UTIs.

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