Arthritis

Arthritis is a common and diverse set of inflammatory joint illnesses marked by pain, swelling, stiffness, and reduced joint mobility. There are about 100 different forms of arthritis, the most prevalent being osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis, the degenerative kind, develops as the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of bones wears away over time, causing pain and decreased joint flexibility. Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system incorrectly assaults the synovium, the lining of the membranes that surround the joints. This can cause inflammation, joint injury, and abnormalities. Arthritis can affect people of all ages, genders, and ethnicities, but it is more common among the elderly. The actual cause of arthritis varies Depending on the type, genetics, age, joint traumas, and immune system malfunction may all play a role. 

Arthritis
Arthritis 1

Causes and risk factors

Arthritis encompasses a wide range of conditions, each with its own set of causes and risk factors.Here are some common causes and risk factors associated with arthritis:
Age: As people get older, their risk of acquiring arthritis increases. The most prevalent type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which is caused by joint wear and tear over time.
Genetics: Some kinds of arthritis are inherited. People with a family history of arthritis, particularly rheumatoid arthritis, may be at an increased risk.
Joint Injuries: Previous joint injuries, such as fractures or dislocations, can raise your chances of developing arthritis. Joint trauma may accelerate cartilage degradation.
Lifestyle Factors: A sedentary lifestyle and a lack of physical activity are linked to an increased risk of arthritis. Regular exercise promotes joint flexibility and strengthens supporting muscles.

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