Ayurveda is the oldest medical system that is originated from India and is practiced now all across the world. It is said the about 5000 years ago the ancient rishis of India received the gift of Ayurveda from their Hindu gods. Ayurveda considers the body, mind, and spirit to be equally important in the restoration of the innate harmony of the individual. It lay emphasis on the prevention of diseases and maintenance of health.
Ayurveda is a combination of two words where Ayu means life and Veda means Knowing. It is a comprehensive system that deals with health in all its aspects i.e, physical health, spiritual well-being, social welfare, lifestyle, daily living habits, mental balance as well as treating various diseases. The individuals who practice Ayurveda believe that every person is made of five elements i.e, space, fire, air, water and earth. Ayurveda helps us to face the upcoming challenges in life. By balancing our diet and lifestyle we can strengthen the body, mind, and consciousness.
Principles of the Ayurveda goes as follows:
The three Gunas Satva, Rajas and Tamas are the three most significant energies of the mind. Ayurveda provides a different description of the people on the basis of their Mansa. It has been trusted that the Trigunas were available on earth before the production of life, and appeared as physical properties on the crude Earth. The three Gunas maintain the equilibrium of the mind and disturbance in this equilibrium creates mental disorders.
Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the three doshas. Ayurvedic doshas are the appearance of elemental forces in the physical body.
Panch means five and Mahabhutas means fundamental elements, therefore we can say Panch Mahabhutas as the five fundamental elements. As per Ayurveda, all the tangible and non-tangible things constitute of these five elements. The five elements are Akash, Vayu, Agni, Jala, Prithvi.
The Dhatus word is originated from the Sanskrit word i.e, Dhru. In English dhatu means tissues. In Ayurveda, there are seven basic tissues that make the body and these are collectively called Sapta Dhatu. The following seven dhatus are:
|Rasa Dhatu||Fluid (nourishes each and every tissue)|
|Rakta Dhatu||Blood (circulate blood cells)|
|Mamsa Dhatu||Muscle tissue (provide physical strength)|
|Meda Dhatu||Fat (consists of adipose tissue)|
|Asthi Dhatu||Bone tissue (give nourishment to the majja dhatu)|
|Majja Dhatu||Bone marrow tissue (main function to fill up the asthi)|
|Shukra Dhatu||Generative tissue (help in reproduction)|
According to Ayurveda to maintain good health the waste material of the body is as important as the body tissues. The Trimalas balances the tridoshas that is Vatta, Pitta and Kapha. The three major waste products of the body are:
There are thirteen types of digestive fires Jatharagni i.e, Gastric fire, SaptaDhatvagni, PanchaBhutagni. A balanced Agni is most significant for better health.